The thorax is an enormous source of pathology and related imaging. It has been divided into the pleural cavity and mediastinum because of this.
The pleural cavity includes the chest walls, diaphragm, pleural space, lower airways (below the larynx) and the lungs.
It is difficult to group many of these conditions but they fit reasonably well into the selected categories.
Normal chest x-ray (front view)
Normal chest x-ray (side view)
Normal chest computed tomography scan 1
Normal chest computed tomography scan 2
Normal chest computed tomography scan video
History of compression injury to chest, acute severe chest pain at rib angles, dyspnoea.
Complete right pneumothorax with minimal mediastinal shift. Fractured ribs at their angles (arrowed).
Acute chest injury with rapidly progressive chest pain, dyspnoea, and cyanosis.
Large left pneumothorax with complete lung collapse and right mediastinal shift. A tension pneumothorax.
Puncture 2nd intercostal space (midclavicular line) then intercostal catheterisation.
Dyspnoea and cyanosis at birth. Bowel sounds heard in left side of chest.
Numerous gas-filled loops of gut in left hemithorax. Mediastinal shift to right. Lack of gut loops in abdomen. Diaphragmatic hernia (congenital).
Dyspnoea following major abdominal trauma.
Opacification of left hemithorax with intrathoracic gastric air bubble (ruptured diaphragm).
Limited exercise tolerance, tendency to chest infection.
Age-related calcification of costal cartilages.
Deep breathing exercises and early treatment of chest infections. Note that for effective CPR, ...