Test Taking Tip
Remember to review lidocaine toxicity, especially the signs and symptoms and the maximum dose that can be given. Know the advantages and disadvantages of using an epidural versus a PCA for postoperative pain control.
What is the optimal distance above the carina for an endotracheal tube (ETT)?
What are the steps of rapid-sequence induction?
What is the most commonly used technique for induction of general anesthesia in children?
What are the steps that both the surgeon and anesthesiologist should take during an airway fire?
What factors affect the accuracy of pulse oximetry?
Decreased reading—intense environmental lighting, motion, methylene blue dye, hypothermia, low cardiac output, hypotension, peripheral edema, nail polish
Increased reading—bilirubin, carbon monoxide
Define minimum alveolar concentration (MAC):
Relate lipid solubility, speed of induction, and potency for an inhalational agent with a low MAC:
What inhalational agent has the fastest speed of induction, high minimal alveolar concentration, and low potency?
Name contraindications to the use of nitrous oxide:
Middle ear occlusion, pneumothorax, small-bowel obstruction, and any other instance where there is an air-filled body pocket
Which inhalational agent can cause eosinophilia, fever, increased liver function tests, and jaundice and is associated with the highest degree of cardiac depression and arrhythmias?
Which inhalational agent has a pleasant smell and is ideal for mask induction in children?
What induction agent should not be used in patients with an egg allergy?
What induction agent is contraindicated in head injury?
Which induction agent can cause adrenocortical suppression with continuous infusion?
First muscle to be paralyzed after administration of a paralytic? Last muscle?