Skip to Main Content

TEST TAKING TIP

Test Taking Tip

Familiarize yourself with the table below for wound classification and general indication for antibiotic therapy.

WOUNDS

Name factors that influence the development of infection:

  • Poor approximation of tissue, hematoma/seroma, hypothermia, long operation (>2 hours), excessive local tissue destruction/necrotic tissue, low blood flow, foreign body, dead space, and strangulation of tissues by tight sutures

Most common nosocomial infection:

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)

How many colony-forming units (CFUs) are needed on urine culture to confirm a diagnosis of UTI?

  • >100,000 CFU

Most common nosocomial infection causing death:

  • Pneumonia

Overall most common organism in surgical wound infections:

  • Staphylococcus aureus

Most common anaerobe in surgical wound infections:

  • Bacteroides fragilis

When do wound infection classically arise?

  • Postoperative day 5 to 7

Treatment for a wound infection:

  • Remove sutures/staples, culture wound, examine to rule out fascial dehiscence, leave wound open and pack, start antibiotics

Bacteria that will cause wound infection and fever within 24 hours after surgery:

  • Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus and Clostridium perfringens

Organisms that can cause necrotizing soft tissue infections:

  • Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus and Clostridium perfringens

Usual organism to cause necrotizing fasciitis:

  • Polymicrobial (anaerobes with gram-negative organisms)

Time period to wait before obtaining a CT scan to look for postoperative abscess:

  • >POD no. 7 (otherwise abscess may look like normal post-op fluid collection)

Findings on CT scan to indicate abscess:

  • Gas in fluid collection, fibrous ring surrounding fluid collection

Usual initial treatment for intraabdominal abscess:

  • Percutaneous drainage

Most common bacteria to cause a line infection:

  • Staphylococcus epidermidis

How many CFUs are needed from a central line culture to indicate line infection?

  • >15 CFU

In what instance should a central line be changed over a guidewire?

  • Fever without obvious external signs of infection (catheter tip culture should be sent)

A line changed over ...

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.