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Chapter 44. Oncology

Which of the following is true?

A. Cancer incidence rate is usually expressed as events per 100,000 people over their lifetime

B. Overall survival is the inverse of the likelihood that a person will die of disease

C. Tumor stage is determined on histologic examination

D. Cancer point prevalence describes the number of people with cancer at a given time

E. Epithelial malignancy can also be called sarcoma

D. Cancer point prevalence describes the number of people with cancer at a given time

Biopsy to evaluate a lesion for malignancy

A. Can include image guidance for needle, incisional or excisional biopsies

B. Should always remove the entire lesion for analysis

C. Can yield a sliver of tissue removed with a core needle biopsy

D. Both A and C

E. None of the above

D. Both A and C

Adjuvant chemotherapy for cancer

A. Is typically administered prior to resection

B. Can be described according to its absolute or relative benefit

C. Is necessary for most patients who are treated for cancer who never have recurrence

D. Is most effective in patients who have gross disease remaining after surgery

E. Uses different agents than are typically used for metastatic disease of the same type

B. Can be described according to its absolute or relative benefit

Soft tissue sarcomas

A. Have tumor size and tumor grade as the most important prognostic variables

B. Often metastasize to regional lymph nodes

C. Can usually be diagnosed by FNA biopsy

D. Usually spread to liver as the first site of distant metastasis

E. All of the above

A. Have tumor size and tumor grade as the most important prognostic variables

Melanoma

A. Incidence is decreasing in the United States

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