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Chapter 22. Peritoneal Cavity

The peritoneal cavity

A. Is lined by an epithelial surface

B. Typically contains 100-200 mL of serous fluid

C. Has a fluid pH of 6.5-6.9

D. Is divided anatomically into parietal and visceral components

E. Includes a parietal peritoneal surface investing the small and large bowel

D. Is divided anatomically into parietal and visceral components

Primary bacterial peritonitis

A. Is common during pregnancy.

B. Typically affects peritoneal fluid containing a high concentration of albumin.

C. Is a complication of hypothyroidism.

D. Is most frequently associated with cirrhosis and ascites.

E. None of the above.

D. Is most frequently associated with cirrhosis and ascites

Secondary peritonitis is bacterial contamination

A. That typically spreads from a hematogenous source

B. That often originates from gastrointestinal sources

C. That can usually be treated by antibiotics alone

D. That usually is mono-microbial

E. Of the tissues adjacent to the peritoneal cavity (bladder, kidney) that spreads through lymphatic channels to the peritoneum

B. That often originates from gastrointestinal sources

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