Skip to Main Content

Chapter 12. Endocrine

A 27-year-old woman presents to your office with a left-sided neck mass approximately 2.5 cm in size. FNA reveals papillary thyroid neoplasm. She has no palpable lymph nodes. What is the best management for this patient?

A. Left thyroid lobectomy with left modified radical neck dissection

B. Total thyroidectomy with bilateral modified radical neck dissection

C. Left thyroid lobectomy with postoperative I-131 therapy

D. Total thyroidectomy with postoperative I-131 therapy

E. Total thyroidectomy alone

For papillary thyroid cancers larger than 2 cm, total thyroidectomy is indicated. Postoperative I-131 therapy is given for tumors >4 cm or extrathyroidal disease. Neck dissection is unnecessary without evidence of nodal disease.

A 27-year-old woman presents to your office with a left-sided neck mass approximately 2.5 cm in size. FNA reveals papillary thyroid neoplasm. She has a 1-cm palpable left cervical lymph node. What is the best management for this patient?

A. Left thyroid lobectomy alone

B. Left thyroid lobectomy with left modified radical neck dissection

C. Total thyroidectomy with left modified radical neck dissection

D. Total thyroidectomy with postoperative I-131 therapy

E. Total thyroidectomy alone

The size of the tumor necessitates a total thyroidectomy. This patient has a palpable cervical lymph node, and thus a unilateral modified radical neck dissection or excision of the enlarged lymph node should be done.

A 17-year-old male has a 2-cm right cervical nodule. An FNA is done and cells stain positive for calcitonin. Labs also reveal elevated calcium. What is the most likely diagnosis?

A. Familial MTC

B. Follicular thyroid cancer

C. MEN 1

D. MEN 2a

E. MEN 2b

Calcitonin-positive cells indicate a diagnosis of MTC. Elevated calcium suggests hyperparathyroidism. Along with pheochromocytoma, these diagnoses make up MEN 2a. MEN 2b would include MTC, pheochromocytoma, and mucosal neuromas.

A 46-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with fever, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and tremors. She has a history of a goiter. Initial management should include all of the following except:

A. PTU

B. Steroids

C. β-blocker

D. Oxygen

E. I-131

...

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.