View Full Chapter Figures Only Tables Only Videos Only Print Share Email Send Email Your Name (required) ! Example: John Doe Email Address (required) ! Please enter a valid sender email address. Example: firstname.lastname@example.org CC Me Recipient Email Address (required) ! Separate multiple email address with semi-colons (up to 5). Subject Subject for your email. Message (Maximum characters: 1,000) Please enter your name Please enter your email address Please enter a valid recipient email address. Example:email@example.com Submit Cancel Thank you! Your email has been sent to: The recipient(s) will receive an email message that includes a link to the selected article. Recipients may need to check their spam filters or confirm that the address is safe. Return to: Send Another Email An error has occurred sending your email(s). Please try again later or contact an administrator at OnlineCustomer_Service@mheducation.com. Return to: Twitter Facebook Linkedin Reddit Get Citation Citation AMA Citation Hyperkalemia. In: Doherty GM. Doherty G.M. Ed. Gerard M. Doherty.eds. Quick Answers Surgery New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2010. http://accesssurgery.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=853§ionid=49662134. Accessed June 22, 2017. MLA Citation . "Hyperkalemia." Quick Answers Surgery Doherty GM. Doherty G.M. Ed. Gerard M. Doherty. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2010, http://accesssurgery.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=853§ionid=49662134. Download citation file: RIS (Zotero) EndNote BibTex Medlars ProCite RefWorks Reference Manager © Copyright Tools Search Book Top Return Clip Hyperkalemia + Essential Features Print Section + • Elevated serum potassium ++ Epidemiology + • Severe trauma• Burns• Crush injuries• Renal insufficiency• Marked catabolism• Addison disease + Clinical Findings Print Section ++ Symptoms and Signs + • Nausea• Vomiting• Colicky abdominal pain• Diarrhea ++ Laboratory Findings + • Elevated serum potassium• Peaked T waves• Wide QRS• Depressed ST segment + Diagnostic Considerations Print Section + • Addison disease ++ Rule Out + • Hemolysis• Leukocytosis• Thrombocytosis (> 1,000,000/µL• Abnormalities of acid-base status (acidosis)• Addison disease + Work-up Print Section + • Serum electrolytes• CBC with platelets + Treatment and Management Print Section + • IV 100 mL D50 with 20 U regular insulin• IV NaHCO3• IV calcium• Sodium polystyrene sulfonate orally or by enema (40-80 g/d)• Hemodialysis• β-Agonists (inhaled) ++ Medications + • D50/insulin• Calcium• Sodium polystyrene sulfonate• NaHCO3• Albuterol ++ Treatment Monitoring + • Serum electrolytes• ECG ++ Complications + • Diastolic cardiac arrest ++ Prognosis + • Excellent + Resources Print Section ++ References ++Greenberg A. Hyperkalemia: treatment options. Semin Nephrol. 1998;18:46. [PubMed: 9459288] ++Mahoney BA. et al. Emergency interventions for hyperkalaemia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2005, (2):CD003235.