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Contributors

Editor

Lawrence H. Cohn, MD
Virginia and James Hubbard Professor of Cardiac Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Division of Cardiac Surgery
Brigham and Women's
Hospital Boston, Massachusetts

Contributors

Michael A. Acker, MD
Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation

Arvind K. Agnihotri, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Surgical Treatment of Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Cary W. Akins, MD
Clinical Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Myocardial Revascularization with Carotid Artery Disease

Jeremiah G. Allen, MD
Resident, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland
Heart Transplantation

Robert H. Anderson, MD
Professor Emeritus, Institute of Child Health, University College, London, United Kingdom
Surgical Anatomy of the Heart

Mark P. Anstadt, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Sary Aranki, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Mitral Valve Replacement

Pavan Atluri, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation

Frank A. Baciewicz, Jr., MD
Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan
History of Cardiac Surgery

William A. Baumgartner, MD
Vincent L. Gott Professor, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland
Heart Transplantation

Joseph E. Bavaria, MD
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Ascending Aortic Aneurysms

Shanda H. Blackmon, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, Texas
Cardiac Neoplasms

Steven F. Bolling, MD
Professor of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Nontransplant Surgical Options for Heart Failure

John Bozinovski, MD
Attending Cardiac Surgeon, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, BC, Canada
Extent II Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (DVD)

R. Morton Bolman, III, MD
Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest

Morgan L. Brown, MD, PhD
Chief Resident, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Indications for Revascularization

Redmond P. Burke, MD
Professor of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Florida International University, Miami, Florida
Surgery for Adult Congenital Heart Disease

John G. Byrne, MD
William S. Stoney Professor of Cardiac Surgery, Vanderbilt Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee
Reoperative Valve Surgery

Richard P. Cambria, MD
Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Myocardial Revascularization with Carotid Artery Disease

Frederick Y. Chen, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Computed Tomography of the Adult Cardiac Surgery Patient: Principles and Applications; Mitral Valve Repair

Albert T. Cheung, MD
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Cardiac Anesthesia

W. Randolph Chitwood, Jr., MD, FRCS (Eng)
Professor of Cardiovascular Sciences, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina
Minimally Invasive and Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery

George T. Christakis, MD, FRCS(C)
Professor of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Bioprosthetic Aortic Valve Replacement: Stented Pericardial and Porcine Valves

Lawrence H. Cohn, MD
Virginia and James Hubbard Professor of Cardiac Surgery, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Surgical Anatomy of the Heart; Minimally Invasive Aortic Valve Surgery; Mitral Valve Repair

William E. Cohn, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Transplant & Assist Devices Cardiothoracic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
Total Artificial Heart

John V. Conte, MD
Professor, Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
Heart Transplantation

Joseph S. Coselli, MD
Professor and Cullen Foundation Endowed Chair, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
Descending and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms

John M. Craig, MD
Chief Resident, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Pericardial Disease

Willard M. Daggett, Jr., MD
Professor of Surgery Emeritus, Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Surgical Treatment of Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Ralph J. Damiano, Jr., MD
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri
Surgery for Atrial Fibrillation

Tirone E. David, MD
Professor of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Aortic Valve Repair and Aortic Valve-Sparing Operations; Surgical Treatment of Aortic Valve Endocarditis

William J. DeBois, MBA, CCP
Director, Cardiothoracic Surgery-Perioperative Services, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York
Transfusion Therapy and Blood Conservation

Nimesh D. Desai, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Ascending Aortic Aneurysms

Verdi J. DiSesa, MD, MBA
Professor of Surgery, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Valvular and Ischemic Heart Disease

Robert E. Eckart, DO
Director, Cardiac Arrhythmia Service, Department of Medicine, San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas
Interventional Therapy for Atrial and Ventricular Arrhythmias

Fred H. Edwards, MD
Professor of Surgery, University of Florida, Jacksonville, Florida
Assessment of Cardiac Operations to Improve Performance

Samuel Edwards, MD
Clinical Fellow in Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts
Pathophysiology of Aortic Valve Disease

Andrew W. El Bardissi, MD, MPH
Clinical Fellow of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest

Ann M. Emery, RN
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Aortic Valve Replacement with a Mechanical Cardiac Valve Prosthesis

Robert W. Emery, MD
Medical Director, Cardiovascular Surgery, St. Joseph's Hospital, St. Paul, Minnesota
Aortic Valve Replacement with a Mechanical Cardiac Valve Prosthesis

Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, MD
Professor, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota
Principle and Practice of Echocardiography in Cardiac Surgery

Laurence M. Epstein, MD
Chief, Arrhythmia Service, Associate Professor of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Interventional Therapy for Atrial and Ventricular Arrhythmias

Volkmar Falk, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
Minimally Invasive Myocardial Revascularization

James I. Fann, MD
Associate Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California
Pathophysiology of Mitral Valve Disease

Robert Saeid Farivar, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
Cardiac Surgical Physiology

Victor A. Ferraris, MD, PhD
Tyler Gill Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky
Assessment of Cardiac Operations to Improve Performance

O. Howard Frazier, MD
Professor of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine and University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas
Total Artificial Heart

Robert P. Gallegos, MD, PhD
Cardiac Surgeon, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Mitral Valve Replacement

Isaac George, MD
Instructor in Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York
Myocardial Revascularization after Acute Myocardial Infarction

A. Marc Gillinov, MD
Staff Cardiac Surgeon, Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
Pathophysiology of Aortic Valve Disease; Surgical Treatment of Mitral Valve Endocarditis

Donald D. Glower, MD
Professor of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina
Left Ventricular Aneurysm

G. V. Gonzalez-Stawinski, MD
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
Coronary Artery Reoperations

Joseph H. Gorman, III, MD
Professor of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation

Robert C. Gorman, MD
Professor of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation

Danielle Gottlieb, MD
Tissue Engineering for Cardiac Valve Surgery

Roberta A. Gottlieb, MD
Professor and Frederick G. Henry Chair in the Life Sciences, Biology Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, California
Myocardial Protection

Kevin L. Greason, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Myocardial Revascularization with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

James P. Greelish, MD
Assistant Professor of Cardiac Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
Reoperative Valve Surgery

Igor D. Gregoric, MD
Associate Chief, Transplant Services; Director, Mechanical Circulatory Support; Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery; Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital; The University of Texas Health and Science Center Houston and The University of MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
Total Artificial Heart

Randall B. Griepp, MD
Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
Aneurysms of the Aortic Arch

Bartley P. Griffith, MD
Professor of Cardiac Surgery, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland
Immunobiology of Heart and Heart-Lung Transplantation

Gary L. Grunkemeier, MD
Director, Medical Data Research Center, Providence Health & Services, Portland, Oregon
Statistical Treatment of Surgical Outcome Data

Tomas Gudbjartsson, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Mitral Valve Replacement

Michael E. Halkos, MD
Assistant Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia
Myocardial Revascularization without Cardiopulmonary Bypass

John W. Hammon, MD
Professor Emeritus of Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Extracorporeal Circulation

Michael H. Hines, MD
Professor of Pediatric Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas
Extracorporeal Circulation

David M. Holzhey, MD
Consultant, Cardiac Surgery, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Minimally Invasive Myocardial Revascularization

Jan Hommerding, RN, CNP
Heart Care Intervention NP, Heart Care, St. Joseph's Hospital, St. Paul, Minnesota
Aortic Valve Replacement with a Mechanical Cardiac Valve Prosthesis

Keith A. Horvath, MD
Director, Cardiothoracic Surgery Research Program, Chief, Cardiothoracic Surgery, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland
Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization and Extravascular Angiogenetic Techniques to Increase Myocardial Blood Flow

Lynn C. Huffman, MD
Thoracic Resident, Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Nontransplant Surgical Options for Heart Failure

Joseph Huh, MD
Associate Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
Descending and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms

John S. Ikonomidis, MD, PhD, FRCS(C)
Horace G. Smithy Professor and Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina
Trauma to the Great Vessels

Neil B. Ingels, Jr., PhD
Consulting Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center Stanford, California
Pathophysiology of Mitral Valve Disease

O. Wayne Isom, MD
The Terry Allen Kramer Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York Presbyterian-Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York
Transfusion Therapy and Blood Conservation

M. Salik Jahania, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan
Myocardial Protection

Stuart W. Jamieson MD, FRCS
Endowed Chair and Distinguished Professor, Chief of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California
Pulmonary Embolism and Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy

Craig M. Jarrett, MD
Clinical Fellow in Surgery, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Pathophysiology of Aortic Valve Disease

Ruyun Jin, MD, MCR
Biostatistician, Medical Data Research Center, Providence Health & Services, Portland, Oregon
Statistical Treatment of Surgical Outcome Data

David L. Joyce, MD
Chief Resident, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California
Lung Transplantation and Heart-Lung Transplantation

Zain I. Khalpey, MD, PhD, MRCS(Eng)
Cardiothoracic Surgery Fellow, Cardiac Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Postoperative Care of Cardiac Surgery Patients

Edward H. Kincaid, MD
Associate Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina
Aortic Valve Replacement with a Stentless Bioprosthetic Valve: Porcine or Pericardial

Neal D. Kon, MD
Howard Holt Bradshaw Professor and Chair, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Aortic Valve Replacement with a Stentless Bioprosthetic Valve: Porcine or Pericardial

Karl H. Krieger, MD
Professor and Vice Chairman Philip Geier Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, CT Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital Cornell, New York, New York
Transfusion Therapy and Blood Conservation

Irving L. Kron, MD
S. Hurt Watts Professor and Chairman, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia
Aortic Dissection

Jeremy D. Kukafka, MD
Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Cardiac Anesthesia

Kanako K. Kumamaru, MD
Research Fellow, Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Computed Tomography of the Adult Cardiac Surgery Patient: Principles and Applications

Leonard Y. Lee, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York
Transfusion Therapy and Blood Conservation

Eric J. Lehr, MD, PhD
Co-Director of Minimally Invasive and Robotic Cardiac Surgery, Director of Cardiac Surgery Research and Education, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, Washington
Minimally Invasive and Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery

Scott A. LeMaire, MD
Professor and Director of Research, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine; Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas
Descending and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Jerrold H. Levy, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology, Deputy Chair for Research, Co-Director Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology, Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia
Cardiac Surgical Pharmacology

James E. Lowe, MD
Professor of Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation; Left Ventricular Aneurysm

Bruce W. Lytle, MD
Professor of Surgery, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
Coronary Artery Reoperations

Michael J. Mack, MD
Medical Director, Cardiovascular Surgery, Baylor Health Care System, Dallas, Texas
Percutaneous Catheter-Based Mitral Valve Repair

Michael M. Madani, MD
Professor of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, University of California–San Diego, San Diego, California
Pulmonary Embolism and Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy

Joren C. Madsen, MD, DPhil
Professor of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Surgical Treatment of Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Hari R. Mallidi, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California
Lung Transplantation and Heart-Lung Transplantation

Manu N. Mathur, MD
Consultant, Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Aneurysms of the Aortic Arch

John E. Mayer, Jr., MD
Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Tissue Engineering for Cardiac Valve Surgery

Edwin C. McGee, Jr., MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois
Temporary Mechanical Circulatory Support

Spencer J. Melby, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama
Surgery for Atrial Fibrillation

Philippe Menasché, MD, PhD
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France
Stem Cell–Induced Regeneration of Myocardium

Robert M. Mentzer, Jr., MD
Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery and Physiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan
Myocardial Protection

Carlos M. Mery, MD, MPH
Cardiothoracic Surgery Fellow, Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
Aortic Dissection

Hector I. Michelena, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Echocardiography in Cardiac Surgery

Tomislav Mihaljevic, MD
Chief of Staff, Chair of Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Pathophysiology of Aortic Valve Disease

Michael R. Mill, MD
Professor and Chief, Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Surgical Anatomy of the Heart

D. Craig Miller, MD
Thelma and Henry Doelger Professor, Cardiovascular Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California
Pathophysiology of Mitral Valve Disease

R. Scott Mitchell, MD
Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
Endovascular Therapy for the Treatment of Thoracic Aortic Disease

Nader Moazami, MD
Attending Surgeon, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Minneapolis Heart Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Temporary Mechanical Circulatory Support

Susan D. Moffatt-Bruce, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Surgery, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
Endovascular Therapy for the Treatment of Thoracic Aortic Disease

Friedrich W. Mohr, MD, PhD
Professor and Chief of the Department of Cardiac Surgery and Medical Director of the Heart Center Leipzig, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Center Leipzig, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Minimally Invasive Myocardial Revascularization

Yoshifumi Naka, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York
Long-term Mechanical Circulatory Support

Vuyisile T. Nkomo, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Echocardiography in Cardiac Surgery

Robert A. Oakes, MD
Resident, Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest

Patrick T. O'Gara, MD
Professor, Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Preoperative Evaluation for Cardiac Surgery

Robert F. Padera, Jr. MD, PhD
Assistant Professor, Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Cardiovascular Pathology

Steven M. Parnis, BS
Assistant Director, Center for Cardiac Support, Cardiovascular Surgery Research Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Texas
Total Artificial Heart

Gosta B. Pettersson, MD, PhD
Vice Chair, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
Surgical Treatment of Mitral Valve Endocarditis

Karin Przyklenk, PhD
Director and Professor, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan
Myocardial Protection

John D. Puskas, MD
Chief Cardiac Surgery, Associate Chief Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cardiothoracic Surgery Emory University Midtown, Atlanta, Georgia
Myocardial Revascularization without Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Goya Raikar, MD
Medical Director Oklahoma Heart Hospital, Cardiovascular Surgery, Oklahoma Heart Physicians, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Aortic Valve Replacement with a Mechanical Cardiac Valve Prosthesis

James G. Ramsay, MD
Professor, Chief of Service, Anesthesiology/Critical Care, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
Cardiac Surgical Pharmacology

Ardawan J Rastan, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Minimally Invasive Myocardial Revascularization

James D. Rawn, MD
Director, Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Unit, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Postoperative Care of Cardiac Surgery Patients

Michael J. Reardon, MD
Professor, Cardiovascular Surgery, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas
Cardiac Neoplasms

T. Brett Reece, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado
Aortic Dissection

Robert C. Robbins, MD
Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery–Adult Cardiac Surgery, Chair, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Director, Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
Lung Transplantation and Heart-Lung Transplantation

Evelio Rodriguez, MD
Associate Professor, Cardiovascular Sciences and Pediatrics, East Carolina Heart Institute at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina
Minimally Invasive and Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery

Jean Marie Ruddy, MD
Resident, Department of General Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina
Trauma to the Great Vessels

Christian T. Ruff, MD, MPH
Instructor of Medicine, Associate Physician, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Preoperative Evaluation for Cardiac Surgery

Frank J. Rybicki, MD, PhD
Director, Applied Imaging Science Lab and Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Computed Tomography of the Adult Cardiac Surgery Patient: Principles and Applications

Edward B. Savage, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery, Florida International University, Miami, Florida
Cardiac Surgical Physiology

Joseph E. Savino, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Cardiac Anesthesia

Hartzell V. Schaff, MD
Stuart W. Harrington Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Multiple Valve Disease

Jan D. Schmitto, MD, PhD
Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Transplantation and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
Postoperative Care of Cardiac Surgery Patients

Frederick J. Schoen, MD, PhD
Professor of Pathology and Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard Medical School, Executive Vice Chairman, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Director, Cardiac Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Cardiovascular Pathology

Ashish S. Shah, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Surgical Director, Lung Transplantation, Johns Hopkins Cardiac Surgery, Baltimore, Maryland
Heart Transplantation

David M. Shahian, MD
Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Assessment of Cardiac Operations to Improve Performance

Ahmad Y. Sheikh, MD
Clinical Fellow, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California
Lung Transplantation and Heart-Lung Transplantation

Prem S. Shekar MD, FRCSE
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Minimally Invasive Aortic Valve Surgery

Richard J. Shemin, MD
Robert and Kelly Day Chair of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Tricuspid Valve Disease

Tarang Sheth, MD, FRCPC
Director of Cardiac MR and CT, Diagnostic Imaging, Trillium Health Centre, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Computed Tomography of the Adult Cardiac Surgery Patient: Principles and Applications

David Spielvogel, MD
Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York
Aneurysms of the Aortic Arch

Henry M. Spotnitz, MD
George H. Humphreys, II, Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York
Surgical Implantation of Pacemakers and Automatic Defibrillators

Sotiris C. Stamou, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, Michigan
Surgical Treatment of Mitral Valve Endocarditis

Paul Stelzer, MD
Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York
Stentless Aortic Valve Replacement: Autograft/Homograft

Larry W. Stephenson, MD
Ford Webber Professor of Surgery and Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Specialist-in-Chief, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan
History of Cardiac Surgery

Thoralf M. Sundt III, MD
Professor, Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Chief of Cardiac Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Indications for Revascularization; Myocardial Revascularization with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Rakesh M. Suri, MD, DPhil
Associate Professor of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Multiple Valve Disease

Lars G. Svensson, MD, PhD
Director Aorta Center; Marfan and CTD Clinic; Director Quality and Process, Improvement; Professor of Surgery, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
Percutaneous Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease

Hiroo Takayama, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Columbia University, New York, New York
Long-term Mechanical Circulatory Support

Kenichi A. Tanaka, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
Cardiac Surgical Pharmacology

Robin Varghese, MD
Instructor, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York
Stentless Aortic Valve Replacement: Autograft/Homograft

William J. Vernick, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Cardiac Anesthesia

Jennifer D. Walker, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Pericardial Disease

Scott A. Weldon, MA, CMI
Medical Illustration, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
Extent II Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (DVD)

James T. Willerson, MD
President and Medical Director, Cardiology, Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas
Myocardial Revascularization with Percutaneous Devices

Mathew Williams, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery and Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York
Myocardial Revascularization after Acute Myocardial Infarction

James M. Wilson, MD
Director of Cardiology Education, Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas
Myocardial Revascularization with Percutaneous Devices

Berhane Worku, MD
Research Fellow, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Columbia University, New York, New York
Long-term Mechanical Circulatory Support

Bobby Yanagawa, MD, PhD
Division of Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, Schulich Heart Program, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Bioprosthetic Aortic Valve Replacement: Stented Pericardial and Porcine Valves

Yifu Zhou, MD
Staff Scientist, Cardiothoracic Surgery Research Program, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland
Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization and Extravascular Angiogenetic Techniques to Increase Myocardial Blood Flow

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