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Medical Terms
ABSArtificial bowel sphincter
AFAPAttenuated variant of familial adenomatous polyposis
AINAnal intraepithelial neoplasia
APRAbdominoperineal resection
ARDSAcute respiratory distress syndrome
ASAContext-dependent: acetylsalicylic acid (medication)
ASAContext-dependent: American Society of Anesthesiologists (→ risk classification)
ASCAAnti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (Crohn disease marker)
ASCUSAtypical squamous cells of uncertain significance
ATZAnal transitional zone
BEBarium enema
BRBPRBright red blood per rectum
CBCComplete blood count
CEACarcinoembryonic antigen
CHRPECongenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium
CTComputed tomography
DALMDysplasia-associated lesion or mass (in ulcerative colitis)
DICDisseminated intravascular coagulation
DVTDeep vein thrombosis
EASExternal anal sphincter
ERUSEndorectal ultrasound
FAPFamilial adenomatous polyposis
FIQLFecal incontinence quality of life score
GERDGastroesophageal reflux disease
GISTGastrointestinal stromal tumor
HAARTHighly active antiretroviral therapy
HIVHuman immunodeficiency virus
HNPCCHereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (Lynch I/II)
H&PHistory and physical (examination)
HPFHigh-power field (microscopy)
HPVHuman papillomavirus
HSILHigh-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions
HSVHerpes simplex virus
IASInternal anal sphincter
IBDInflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, indeterminate colitis)
IBSIrritable bowel syndrome
ICUIntensive care unit
I&DIncision and drainage (abscess)
IMAInferior mesenteric artery
IMRTIntensity-modulated radiation therapy
IMVInferior mesenteric vein
IPAAIleal J-pouch anal anastomosis
IPSIrritable pouch syndrome
IRAIleorectal anastomosis
LARLow anterior resection
LBOLarge bowel obstruction
LGVLymphogranuloma venereum
LISLateral internal sphincterotomy
LLQLeft lower quadrant
LSILLow-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions
LUQLeft upper quadrant
MACEMalone antegrade colonic enema
MAPMYH-associated polyposis
MELDModel for end-stage liver disease
MRCPMagnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
MRIMagnetic resonance imaging
MRSAMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MSIMicrosatellite instability
MSMMen who have sex with men
MSSMicrosatellite stability
NGTNasogastric tube
NPONothing by mouth (nulla per os)
NSAIDNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
O&POva and parasites
OROperating room
pANCAPerinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (marker for ulcerative colitis)
PC/IPAAProctocolectomy/ileal J-pouch anal anastomosis
PEPulmonary embolism
PETPositron emission tomography
PET-CTPositron emission tomography combined with CT
PIDPelvic inflammatory disease
PODPostoperative day
PPDPurified protein derivative (tuberculosis test)
PPHProcedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids
PSARP Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty
PSCPrimary sclerosing cholangitis
PTProthrombin time
PTTPartial thromboplastin time
RAIRRectoanal inhibitory reflex
RBCRed blood cell
RLQRight lower quadrant
RUQRight upper quadrant
SBOSmall bowel obstruction
SCCSquamous cell cancer
SCFAShort-chain fatty acids
SMASuperior mesenteric artery
SMVSuperior mesenteric vein
SRUSSolitary rectal ulcer syndrome
STDSexually transmitted disease
TEMTransanal endoscopic microsurgery
TIPSTransjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
TME Total mesorectal excision
TNMTumor nodes metastases (tumor staging system)
TPNTotal parenteral nutrition
UCUlcerative colitis
VACVacuum-assisted closure
WBCWhite blood cells
Oncological Outcome Parameters
DFSDisease-free survival
NEDNo evidence of disease (cancer follow-up)
ORRObjective response rate (sum of complete and partial response)

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