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Abbreviations

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4Dfour-dimensional
5-FUfluorouracil
AAAabdominal aortic aneurysm
AASTAmerican Association for the Surgery of Trauma
AAST-OISAmerican Association for the Surgery of Trauma-Organ Injury Scale
ABPacute biliary pancreatitis
ACdoxorubicin and cyclophosphamide
ACASAsymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis
ACCadrenocortical carcinoma
ACOSOGAmerican College of Surgeons Oncology Group
ACSacute coronary syndrome
ACSAmerican College of Surgeons
ACS-BSCNAmerican College of Surgeons Bariatric Surgery Center Network
ACS-NSQIPAmerican College of Surgeons–National Surgical Quality Improvement Program
ADHanti-diuretic hormone
AFPα-fetoprotein
AFSamputation-free survival
AGBadjustable gastric banding
AIRAppendicitis Inflammatory Response
AISPItalian Association for Study of the Pancreas
AJCCAmerican Joint Committee on Cancer
ALNDaxillary lymph node dissection
ALPPSassociating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy
ALTalanine transaminase
ANCabsolute neutrophil count
ANOVAanalysis of variance
APACHE IIAcute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation
APRabdominoperineal resection
ARDSacute respiratory distress syndrome
ASAAmerican Society of Anesthesiologists
ASBOadhesive small-bowel obstruction
ASMBSAmerican Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery
ASPENAmerican Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
ASTaspartate aminotransferase
ATAAmerican Thyroid Association
BAPballoon angioplasty
BASILBypass versus Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg
BCSbreast-conserving surgery
BCTbreast conservation therapy
BEbilateral exploration
BEbilateral neck exploration
BMbowel movement
BMIbody mass index
BRPCborderline resectable pancreatic cancer
BSAbody surface area
BSXbypass surgery
CAScarotid artery stenting
CAVATASCarotid and Vertebral Artery Transluminal Angioplasty Study
CBCcontralateral breast cancers; complete blood count
CBDcommon bile duct
CDTcatheter-directed thrombolysis
CEAcarcinoembryonic antigen
CEAcarotid endarterectomy
CHFcongestive heart failure
CIconfidence interval
CKDchronic kidney disease
CLIchronic limb ischemia
CLNDcentral lymph node dissection
cN0clinically node-negative
cN1clinically positive lymph nodes
COcrossover
COSTClinical Outcomes of Surgical Therapy
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRASH-2a randomised, placebo-controlled trial
CRLMcolorectal liver metastases
CROPdynamic compliance, respiratory rate, oxygenation, maximum inspiratory pressure index
CRPC-reactive protein
C-spinecervical spine
CTcomputed tomography
CTAcomputed tomography angiography
CTLA-4cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated antigen 4
CVAcerebrovascular accident
CVLcentral venous line
CVPcentral venous pressure
DCISductal carcinoma in situ
DDSFdistant disease-free survival
DFSdisease-free survival
DGEdelayed gastric emptying
DISPACTdistal pancreatectomy
DKAdiabetic ketoacidosis
DNRdo-not-resuscitate
DPLdiagnostic peritoneal lavage
DSSdisease-specific survival
DTCdifferentiated thyroid cancer
DVTdeep-vein thrombosis
DXAdual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
EASTEastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma
EBCTCGEarly Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group
EBLestimated blood loss
ECFepirubicin + cisplatin + infused fluorouracil
ECGechocardiogram
ECOGEastern Cooperative Oncology Group
ECSTEuropean Carotid Surgery Trial
EDemergency department
EGDTearly goal-directed therapy
EORTCEuropean Organization for Research and
QLQ-CR38Treatment of Cancer Colorectal Quality of Life Questionnaire
EORTCEuropean Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer
ERestrogen receptor
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
EUSendoscopic ultrasonography
EUS-FNAendoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration
EVARendovascular AAA repair
EVLendoscopic variceal ligation
FAPfamilial adenomatous polyposis
FASTfocused ...

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