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Chapter 38. Urology

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During development, the kidneys pass through three embryonic phases, including all of the following except

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A. Prenephros

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B. Pronephros

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C. Mesonephros

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D. Metanephros

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A. Prenephros

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The most common site for an undescended testis to reside is

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A. Just outside the external ring

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B. Inside the abdomen

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C. In the inguinal canal

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D. In the wall of a sliding hernia sac

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E. None of the above

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A. Just outside the external ring

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Patients evaluated for hematuria are considered low risk for malignancy based upon all of the following except

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A. Less than 40 years of age

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B. No history of pelvic irradiation or cyclophosphamide exposure

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C. Non-smokers

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D. Have a history of urinary tract infections

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E. Microscopic hematuria

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D. Have a history of urinary tract infections

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Renal stones composed of calcium salts can be promoted by

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A. Hyperoxaluria

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B. Hypercitrauria

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C. Hypocalciuria

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D. Hypouricosuria

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E. All of the above

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A. Hyperoxaluria

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Palliative therapy for prostate cancer can include

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A. LHRH antagonists

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B. Estrogen blockade

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C. Transurethral prostatectomy

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D. Somatostatin agonists

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E. Depot testosterone therapy

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C. Transurethral prostatectomy

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