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Chapter 22. Peritoneal Cavity

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The peritoneal cavity

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A. Is lined by an epithelial surface

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B. Typically contains 100-200 mL of serous fluid

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C. Has a fluid pH of 6.5-6.9

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D. Is divided anatomically into parietal and visceral components

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E. Includes a parietal peritoneal surface investing the small and large bowel

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D. Is divided anatomically into parietal and visceral components

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Primary bacterial peritonitis

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A. Is common during pregnancy.

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B. Typically affects peritoneal fluid containing a high concentration of albumin.

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C. Is a complication of hypothyroidism.

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D. Is most frequently associated with cirrhosis and ascites.

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E. None of the above.

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D. Is most frequently associated with cirrhosis and ascites

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Secondary peritonitis is bacterial contamination

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A. That typically spreads from a hematogenous source

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B. That often originates from gastrointestinal sources

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C. That can usually be treated by antibiotics alone

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D. That usually is mono-microbial

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E. Of the tissues adjacent to the peritoneal cavity (bladder, kidney) that spreads through lymphatic channels to the peritoneum

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B. That often originates from gastrointestinal sources

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