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Chapter 17. Breast Disorders

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Fibrocystic condition of the breast is

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A. Communicable disease

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B. Common in postmenopausal women

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C. Caused at least in part by estrogen stimulation of breast tissue

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D. Carries a threefold increased risk of breast cancer

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E. Does not actually include any cysts on histology

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C. Caused at least in part by estrogen stimulation of breast tissue

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Risk factors for breast cancer include

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A. Early childbearing

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B. Iodine deficiency

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C. BRCA1 mutation only in families of Ashkenazi Jewish descent

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D. A personal history of breast cancer

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E. None of the above

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D. A personal history of breast cancer

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Breast cancer screening in asymptomatic women

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A. Identifies about 2 cancers per 1000 women over age 50 years

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B. Identifies cancer without node involvement in about 80% of detected cases

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C. Includes a history, physical examination, bilateral mammogram, and ultrasound for women between ages 40 and 50 years

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D. Is followed by a 5-year survival of 95% for women diagnosed through screening

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E. Should include all women yearly after the age of 30 years

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B. Identifies cancer without node involvement in about 80% of detected cases

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The clinical findings at breast cancer presentation most commonly include

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A. A painless mass identified by the patient

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B. A new mass discovered during a clinician physical examination (60% of cases)

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C. Nipple discharge (60% of cases)

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D. An axillary mass due to metastatic lymph nodes (40% of cases)

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E. None of the above

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A. A painless mass identified by the patient

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Axillary lymph node metastases from breast cancer

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A. Are not important for predicting patient survival in women with breast cancer

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B. Are generally palpable if present

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C. Can be ...

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